Modelling and computation of gravitational attraction, gradient tensors, rotational and horizontal invariants of Asteroid Bennu (101955), Itokawa (25143) and Eros (433) via 2D Non-Uniform FFT

İlkin Özsöz

2D NU-FFT, Bennu (101955), Itokawa (25143), Eros (433), Gravity gradient tensors


The internal structure and mass distribution of the terrestrial objects are yet unknown. The 2D gravity model with a constant density of the terrestrial objects can shed light on the surficial or textural heterogeneity due to topographic variations of the terrestrial objects. Three different asteroids, which are Bennu (101955), Itokawa (25143) and Eros (433) are modelled in this study. During the modelling phase, a different number of edges, elements, nodes, and faces are used to describe the 3D models of Bennu, Itokawa, and Eros. These 3D models are used in 2D Non-Uniform Fast Fourier Transform (NU-FFT) applications to obtain gravitational attraction with a constant density polyhedron model. Tensor gradients and tensor invariants of the modelled gravity anomaly are calculated. Three major outcomes are interpreted from gradient tensors and tensor invariants. Firstly, textural heterogeneity due to relatively low topography is detected in the central part of Bennu. Secondly, considerably different properties which can be related to surface variations between the two lobes of Itokawa are observed. Lastly, directional surficial heterogeneities were detected in Eros.

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